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The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is the central research and development organization for the Department
of Defense (DoD). It manages and directs selected basic and applied research and development projects for DoD, and pursues
research and technology where risk and payoff are both very high and where success may provide dramatic advances for traditional
military roles and missions.

DISA (the Defense Information Systems Agency) is a combat support agency responsible for planning, engineering, acquiring, fielding,
and supporting global net-centric solutions to serve the needs of the President, Vice President, the Secretary of Defense, and other
DoD Components, under all conditions of peace and war.  One of the largest repositories of free information assurance training
materials is available from DISA at is a free distributed intrusion detection system that provides a platform for firewall users to share intrusion information.  
Since DShield’s official launch in 2000, it has grown to be a dominating attack correlation engine with worldwide coverage, and is the
data collection engine behind the SANS Internet Storm Center.  Analyses provided by DShield have been used in early detection of
worms such as Ramen, Code Red, Leaves, and SQL Snake.

EDUCAUSE is a nonprofit association whose mission is to advance higher education by promoting the intelligent use of information
technology.  Membership is open to institutions of higher education, corporations serving the higher education information technology
market, and other related associations and organizations.

The Higher Education Information Technology (HEIT) Alliance was established to help define and promote the higher education and
library community's collective interests in federal information technology policy. The HEIT Alliance is a coalition of 11 national higher
education and library associations, whose members represent a broad array of stakeholders on college and university campuses,
including presidents, business officers, chief-information officers, and librarians.

The Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency (HSARPA) is the external funding arm for the Department of Homeland
Security Science and Technology division.  HSARPA invests in programs offering the potential for revolutionary changes in
technologies that promote homeland security and accelerates the prototyping and deployment of technologies intended to reduce
homeland vulnerabilities.  HSARPA’s missions include: identify and develop revolutionary technologies; satisfy DHS customers'
operational needs for advanced technology; and rapid prototyping/commercial adaptation of technologies.

InfraGard is an information sharing and analysis effort serving the interests and combining the knowledge base of a wide range of
members. InfraGard,  a partnership between the private sector and the FBI, is an association of businesses, academic institutions,
state and local law enforcement agencies, and other participants dedicated to sharing information and intelligence to prevent hostile
acts against the United States.  InfraGard Chapters are geographically linked with FBI Field Office territories, and each InfraGard
Chapter has an FBI Special Agent Coordinator assigned to it.

Intelguardians Network Intelligence:
Intelguardians is a vendor-independent information security consultancy formed by leading security consultants, security instructors,
authors of many industry bestsellers, and contributors to open source projects (e.g.,, Honeynet Project, Bastille Linux).  Its
experts lead the industry in security auditing, penetration testing, forensics, incident response and architecture review

The Information Systems Security Association (ISSA)® is a not-for-profit, international organization of information security
professionals and practitioners. It provides educational forums, publications and peer interaction opportunities that enhance the
knowledge, skill and professional growth of its members.  With active participation from individuals and chapters all over the world,
the ISSA is the largest international, not-for-profit association specifically for security professionals. Members include practitioners at
all levels of the security field in a broad range of industries, such as communications, education, healthcare, manufacturing, financial
and government.

The National Security Agency (NSA) National Information Assurance Education and Training Program (NIETP) serves as the National
Manager for IA education and training relating to national security systems and develops IA training standards with the Committee on
National Security Systems (CNSS).  Through partnerships with government, academia, and industry, its programs assure the very
finest preparation of professionals entrusted with securing our critical information. The NIETP encourages and recognizes
universities through the Centers of Academic Excellence in IA Education and sponsors the national Colloquium for Information
Systems Security Education and the National Information Assurance Training and Education Center.

From automated teller machines and atomic clocks to mammograms and semiconductors, innumerable products and services rely in
some way on technology, measurement, and standards provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, a non-
regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Commerce Department's Technology Administration.  NIST's mission is to develop and
promote measurement, standards, and technology to enhance productivity, facilitate trade, and improve the quality of life. NIST
carries out its mission in four cooperative programs:  the NIST Laboratories; the Baldrige National Quality Program; the Manufacturing
Extension Partnership; and the Advanced Technology Program, which accelerates the development of innovative technologies for
broad national benefit by co-funding R&D partnerships with the private sector.

The REN-ISAC supports higher education and the research community by providing advanced security services to national supporting
networks, and supports efforts to protect the national cyberinfrastructure by participating in the formal sector ISAC infrastructure.

SANS (SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security) develops, maintains, and makes available - at no cost - the largest collection of research
documents about various aspects of information security.  It also operates the Internet's early warning system - Internet Storm
Center. The SANS Institute was established in 1989 as a cooperative research and education organization. Its programs now reach
more than 165,000 security professionals, auditors, system administrators, network administrators, chief information security
officers, and CIOs who share the lessons they are learning and jointly find solutions to the challenges they face.

The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) is a web-based system for maintaining information on international
students and exchange visitors in the United States. SEVIS is administered by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP), a
division of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the largest investigative arm of the Department of Homeland Security
(DHS).  The mission of SEVIS is to balance Homeland Security with facilitating foreign student and exchange visitor participation in
America's outstanding academic and cultural exchange programs.

Established in September 2003, the Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) is a partnership between the Department of
Homeland Security and the public and private sectors, charged with improving computer security preparedness and response to
cyber attacks in the United States. US-CERT is responsible for:
·       analyzing and reducing cyber threats and vulnerabilities
·       disseminating cyber threat warning information
·       coordinating incident response activities.

US-VISIT is part of a continuum of security measures established by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security that enhances
security for US citizens and visitors while facilitating legitimate travel and trade across US borders.  US-VISIT currently applies to all
visitors (with limited exemptions) holding non-immigrant visas, regardless of country of origin. Goals of US-VISIT are to:
·       Enhance the security of US citizens and visitors
·       Facilitate legitimate travel and trade
·       Ensure the integrity of the US immigration system
·       Protect the privacy of visitors to the US

For more information:
(917) 783 – 8496
(646) 365-3148 (fax)

This project is supported by Grant No. 2004-IJ-CX-0045 awarded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. Points of view in this
document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the US Department of Justice.